Strong's Hebrew: 646. אֵפוֹד (ephod) -- an ephod
646. ephod
Strong's Concordance
ephod: an ephod
Original Word: אֵפוֹד
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: ephod
Phonetic Spelling: (ay-fode')
Short Definition: ephod
Brown-Driver-Briggs
אֵפוֺד (28 t.) & אֵפֹד (20 t.) noun masculineExodus 28:7 ephod (Ethiopic compare Aramaic id. (on meaning see Lagl.c.), perhaps also Assyrian pid, pittu ZimBP 39; on form see Ges§ 84a 12. R. but Lagl.c. compares , & thinks אֵפוֺד shortened from ׳חֵשֶׁב הָא 'robe of approach to God) — ׳א absolute Exodus 25:7 +; construct 1 Samuel 2:18 +; —

1 ephod, priestly garment, shoulder-cape or mantle; a. as worn by ordinary priest made of white stuff (בַּד) 1 Samuel 22:18; ׳נֹשֵׂא א compare

2; so Samuel as a temple-servant 1 Samuel 2:8; ׳חָגוּר א girt with an eph.; so David when dancing before ark 2 Samuel 6:14 (id.) 1 Chronicles 15:27 ׳וְעַל דוד א; b. as prescribed in P for high priest, more costly, woven of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, & linen (? שֵׁשׁ)threads, provided with shoulder-pieces & breast-piece of like material, ornamented with gems and gold, Exodus 25:7; Exodus 28:4,6,12,15; Exodus 29:5; Exodus 35:9,27 17t. Exodus 28, 39, also Leviticus 8:7; compare probably 1 Samuel 2:28 (׳נֹשֵׂא א) 1 Samuel 14:3; 1 Samuel 21:10 (see below 2); ׳חֵשֶׁב הָא Exodus 28:27,28; Exodus 29:5; Exodus 39:20,21; Leviticus 8:7; ׳מְעִיל הָא Lev 29:5; Lev 39:22 (compare Leviticus 8:7); with verb עַלֿ ׳נָתַן אֶתהָֿא put the ephod on Aaron Leviticus 8:7. 2 ephod used in consulting ׳י 1 Samuel 23:6 ׳א borne in hand (read בְּיָדוֺ ׳יָרַד וְהָא ᵐ5 We Dr) 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7 (twice in verse) (all with חִגִּישׁ) + 1 Samuel 14:18 (הגישׁ) & 1 Samuel 14:18, in both read ׳הָא for ארון & 1 Samuel 14:18 also נֹשֵׂא ᵐ5 Klo Dr; a. according to Thes MV Di Exodus 28:6 and elsewhere properly below 1b; consultation of ׳י in that case by Urim & Thummim in the breast-piece attached to the ephod (compare Exodus 28:28-30 & see אוּרִים); if so, in view of נשׂא 1 Samuel 2:28; 1 Samuel 14:3,18 (compare above), not used elsewhere = wear except 1 Samuel 22:18, & of 1 Samuel 23:6, the word might be used by metonymy for the breast-piece itself; b. others, e.g. StaGeschichte i. 466, 471 BuRS 115 and others, think of an image representing ׳י; compare following.

3. a. ephod of gold made by Gideon Judges 8:27 for a local sanctuary, by which Israel was ensnared; = 2b according to ᵑ6 Thes ('sine controversia') Stu and others + Sta Bu 1.c.; originally = gold sheathing of an image (compare etymology above & Isaiah 30:22 below אֲפֻדָּה); MV Be KöHauptprobleme 59 think of garment, as below 1 see above

b. made (material not given) for a private, local sanctuary Judges 17:5; Judges 18:14,17,18,20 ("" מֶּסֶל, מַסֵּכָה, תְּרָפִים in all, for ᵐ5 gives מַסֵּכָה Judges 18:20, omitted by HCT); compare Hosea 3:4 Israel shall abide without king, prince, sacrifice, pillar, ephod or teraphim; according to Thes and others + Sta Bu l.c. = 2b; Stu Be Ry and others regard as below

1; in view of distinction from פסל, מסכה & תרפים it seems more likely that this is not an image, but some means of consulting deity, perhaps in imitation of Urim & Thummim.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
ephod

Rarely oephod {ay-fode'}; probably of foreign derivation; a girdle; specifically the ephod or high-priest's shoulder- piece; also generally, an image -- ephod.

Forms and Transliterations
אֵפ֑וֹד אֵפ֖וֹד אֵפ֣וֹד אֵפ֥וֹד אֵפֹ֑ד אֵפֹ֖ד אֵפוֹד֙ אפד אפוד הָ֣אֵפ֔וֹד הָֽאֵפֹ֔ד הָאֵפ֑וֹד הָאֵפ֔וֹד הָאֵפ֖וֹד הָאֵפ֤וֹד הָאֵפֹ֑ד הָאֵפֹ֔ד הָאֵפֹ֖ד הָאֵפֹ֜ד הָאֵפֹ֤ד הָאֵפֹֽד׃ הָאֵפֹד֙ הָאֵפֽוֹד׃ הָאֵפוֹד֒ האפד האפד׃ האפוד האפוד׃ וְאֵפוֹד֙ ואפוד לְאֵפ֗וֹד לָאֵפ֖וֹד לָאֵפֹ֖ד לאפד לאפוד ’ê·p̄ō·wḏ ’ê·p̄ōḏ ’êp̄ōḏ ’êp̄ōwḏ eFod hā’êp̄ōḏ hā’êp̄ōwḏ hā·’ê·p̄ō·wḏ hā·’ê·p̄ōḏ haeFod lā’êp̄ōḏ lā’êp̄ōwḏ lā·’ê·p̄ō·wḏ lā·’ê·p̄ōḏ laeFod lə’êp̄ōwḏ lə·’ê·p̄ō·wḏ leeFod veefOd wə’êp̄ōwḏ wə·’ê·p̄ō·wḏ
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 646
49 Occurrences


’ê·p̄ōḏ — 12 Occ.
hā·’ê·p̄ōḏ — 32 Occ.
lā·’ê·p̄ōḏ — 3 Occ.
lə·’ê·p̄ō·wḏ — 1 Occ.
wə·’ê·p̄ō·wḏ — 1 Occ.

Exodus 25:7
HEB: וְאַבְנֵ֖י מִלֻּאִ֑ים לָאֵפֹ֖ד וְלַחֹֽשֶׁן׃
NAS: stones for the ephod and for the breastpiece.
KJV: to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.
INT: stones and setting the ephod the breastpiece

Exodus 28:4
HEB: יַעֲשׂ֗וּ חֹ֤שֶׁן וְאֵפוֹד֙ וּמְעִ֔יל וּכְתֹ֥נֶת
NAS: a breastpiece and an ephod and a robe
KJV: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe,
INT: shall make A breastpiece and an ephod robe tunic

Exodus 28:6
HEB: וְעָשׂ֖וּ אֶת־ הָאֵפֹ֑ד זָ֠הָב תְּכֵ֨לֶת
NAS: They shall also make the ephod of gold,
KJV: And they shall make the ephod [of] gold,
INT: make the ephod of gold of blue

Exodus 28:12
HEB: עַ֚ל כִּתְפֹ֣ת הָֽאֵפֹ֔ד אַבְנֵ֥י זִכָּרֹ֖ן
NAS: on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, [as] stones
KJV: upon the shoulders of the ephod [for] stones
INT: on the shoulder of the ephod stones of memorial

Exodus 28:15
HEB: חֹשֵׁ֔ב כְּמַעֲשֵׂ֥ה אֵפֹ֖ד תַּעֲשֶׂ֑נּוּ זָ֠הָב
NAS: like the work of the ephod you shall make
KJV: after the work of the ephod thou shalt make
INT: of a skillful the work of the ephod shall make of gold

Exodus 28:25
HEB: עַל־ כִּתְפ֥וֹת הָאֵפֹ֖ד אֶל־ מ֥וּל
NAS: them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, at the front
KJV: [them] on the shoulderpieces of the ephod before
INT: on the shoulder of the ephod about it

Exodus 28:26
HEB: אֶל־ עֵ֥בֶר הָאֵפֹ֖ד בָּֽיְתָה׃
NAS: the inner side of the ephod.
KJV: thereof, which [is] in the side of the ephod inward.
INT: is toward side of the ephod the inner

Exodus 28:27
HEB: שְׁתֵּי֩ כִתְפ֨וֹת הָאֵפ֤וֹד מִלְּמַ֙טָּה֙ מִמּ֣וּל
NAS: shoulder pieces of the ephod, on the front
KJV: sides of the ephod underneath,
INT: the two shoulder of the ephod the bottom toward

Exodus 28:27
HEB: מִמַּ֕עַל לְחֵ֖שֶׁב הָאֵפֽוֹד׃
NAS: the skillfully woven band of the ephod.
KJV: the curious girdle of the ephod.
INT: above the skillfully of the ephod

Exodus 28:28
HEB: אֶל־ טַבְּעֹ֤ת הָאֵפֹד֙ בִּפְתִ֣יל תְּכֵ֔לֶת
NAS: to the rings of the ephod with a blue
KJV: thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a lace
INT: by rings of the ephod cord A blue

Exodus 28:28
HEB: עַל־ חֵ֣שֶׁב הָאֵפ֑וֹד וְלֹֽא־ יִזַּ֣ח
NAS: so that it will be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastpiece
KJV: that [it] may be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate
INT: above girdle of the ephod will not come

Exodus 28:28
HEB: הַחֹ֔שֶׁן מֵעַ֖ל הָאֵפֽוֹד׃
NAS: will not come loose from the ephod.
KJV: be not loosed from the ephod.
INT: the breastpiece from the ephod

Exodus 28:31
HEB: אֶת־ מְעִ֥יל הָאֵפ֖וֹד כְּלִ֥יל תְּכֵֽלֶת׃
NAS: the robe of the ephod all
KJV: the robe of the ephod all
INT: shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue

Exodus 29:5
HEB: וְאֵת֙ מְעִ֣יל הָאֵפֹ֔ד וְאֶת־ הָאֵפֹ֖ד
NAS: and the robe of the ephod and the ephod
KJV: and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod,
INT: the tunic and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastpiece

Exodus 29:5
HEB: הָאֵפֹ֔ד וְאֶת־ הָאֵפֹ֖ד וְאֶת־ הַחֹ֑שֶׁן
NAS: of the ephod and the ephod and the breastpiece,
KJV: of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate,
INT: and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastpiece and gird

Exodus 29:5
HEB: ל֔וֹ בְּחֵ֖שֶׁב הָאֵפֹֽד׃
NAS: him with the skillfully woven band of the ephod;
KJV: him with the curious girdle of the ephod:
INT: and gird the skillfully of the ephod

Exodus 35:9
HEB: וְאַבְנֵ֖י מִלֻּאִ֑ים לָאֵפ֖וֹד וְלַחֹֽשֶׁן׃
NAS: stones for the ephod and for the breastpiece.
KJV: to be set for the ephod, and for the breastplate.
INT: stones and setting the ephod the breastpiece

Exodus 35:27
HEB: אַבְנֵ֣י הַמִּלֻּאִ֑ים לָאֵפ֖וֹד וְלַחֹֽשֶׁן׃
NAS: for setting for the ephod and for the breastpiece;
KJV: to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate;
INT: and the stones setting the ephod the breastpiece

Exodus 39:2
HEB: וַיַּ֖עַשׂ אֶת־ הָאֵפֹ֑ד זָהָ֗ב תְּכֵ֧לֶת
NAS: He made the ephod of gold,
KJV: And he made the ephod [of] gold, blue,
INT: made the ephod of gold blue

Exodus 39:7
HEB: עַ֚ל כִּתְפֹ֣ת הָאֵפֹ֔ד אַבְנֵ֥י זִכָּר֖וֹן
NAS: them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, [as] memorial
KJV: them on the shoulders of the ephod, [that they should be] stones
INT: on the shoulder of the ephod stones memorial

Exodus 39:8
HEB: חֹשֵׁ֖ב כְּמַעֲשֵׂ֣ה אֵפֹ֑ד זָהָ֗ב תְּכֵ֧לֶת
NAS: like the workmanship of the ephod: of gold
KJV: like the work of the ephod; [of] gold,
INT: of a skillful the workmanship of the ephod of gold blue

Exodus 39:18
HEB: עַל־ כִּתְפֹ֥ת הָאֵפֹ֖ד אֶל־ מ֥וּל
NAS: them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front
KJV: them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, before
INT: on the shoulder of the ephod about it

Exodus 39:19
HEB: אֶל־ עֵ֥בֶר הָאֵפֹ֖ד בָּֽיְתָה׃
NAS: which was next to the ephod.
KJV: of it, which [was] on the side of the ephod inward.
INT: about the side to the ephod inner

Exodus 39:20
HEB: שְׁתֵּי֩ כִתְפֹ֨ת הָאֵפֹ֤ד מִלְמַ֙טָּה֙ מִמּ֣וּל
NAS: shoulder pieces of the ephod, on the front
KJV: sides of the ephod underneath,
INT: the two shoulder of the ephod the bottom toward

Exodus 39:20
HEB: מִמַּ֕עַל לְחֵ֖שֶׁב הָאֵפֹֽד׃
NAS: above the woven band of the ephod.
KJV: the curious girdle of the ephod.
INT: above the woven of the ephod

49 Occurrences

645
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